Bladder pain syndrome (interstitial cystitis) is a problem that causes pain in the bladder or pelvis. It also causes an urgent, frequent need to urinate. The problem is much more common in women than in men.
Some doctors think BPS may be caused by abnormal changes in the lining of the bladder. But the cause isn't clear.
The pain from BPS can be mild to severe but almost always goes away right after you urinate. Other symptoms of BPS include:
People with BPS may go days or weeks with no symptoms.
To diagnose bladder pain syndrome (BPS), your doctor may do a test called cystoscopy that uses a thin, lighted tube to see the inside of your bladder. He or she may also do a urine test to rule out other problems, such as a urinary tract infection.
Treatment may include:
To help your bladder get used to comfortably holding more urine, you can slowly increase the time between when you urinate during the day (not while sleeping).
A physical therapist can teach you exercises to relax the muscles in your lower belly, groin, and buttocks. You may want to look for a physical therapist who is specially trained in pelvic floor therapy.
This treatment uses a mild electrical pulse to stop nerve pain.
These include biofeedback, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), or acupuncture. These have been helpful for some people.
If no other treatments help, surgery might be done to repair a bladder problem. Or surgery may be done to stop nerve pain.
Your doctor may have you use a bladder diary to record how often you urinate and about how much urine is released.
Your doctor will help you manage your pain, but there are also things you can do. Here are some ideas:
Other things you can do to manage the symptoms of BPS include the following:
Current as of:
October 18, 2021
Author: Healthwise StaffMedical Review: E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal MedicineAdam Husney MD - Family MedicineAvery L. Seifert MD - Urology
Current as of: October 18, 2021
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine & Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Avery L. Seifert MD - Urology
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