Gingivitis is a gum disease that causes red, swollen gums that bleed easily when brushed.
It is caused by the bacteria in plaque, which can irritate the gums. It can be prevented, treated, and reversed by brushing twice a day and flossing once a day. If gingivitis is not treated, the bacteria that cause it can affect the tissue and bone that support the teeth. This can lead to a more severe disease called periodontitis, which may lead to tooth loss.
Current as of: June 30, 2021
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine & Steven K. Patterson BS, DDS, MPH - Dentistry
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2021 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.