Depression is an illness that causes you to feel sad or hopeless much of the time. It is different from normal feelings of sadness, grief, or low energy.
Some people think that depression is normal with age. But it's not. Older adults may go through major life changes or challenges that trigger depression. Such things as losing a spouse, living with a long-term health problem, or leaving a home you've lived in for many years are more common among older adults than others.
Like others who experience a life change, older adults may feel sad and may grieve and recover, or they may develop depression.
Some older adults are more likely to be depressed than others. Those who are more likely include:
In older adults, untreated depression can last for years. It can lead to or make worse other problems in physical and mental health and in relationships with others. It also makes suicide more likely. Older Americans have the highest suicide rate of any age group, and depression is often linked to the suicide. Older men have the highest rate of suicide of any group.
Treatment can help depression and help you enjoy your life more. It also makes suicide less likely and may help older adults deal better with long-term health problems.
Common symptoms of depression, such as sadness and loss of interest, occur in older adults just as they do in younger adults. But older adults also may:
Depression often is missed in older adults.
If your doctor thinks you are depressed, he or she will ask you questions about your health and feelings. This is called a mental health assessment. Your doctor also may:
If you think you have depression, read this information or take this short quiz to check your symptoms.
As in younger adults, depression in older adults is treated with medicine, counseling, therapy, or a combination. Treatment usually works, and treatment for depression also may help other medical problems that older adults have. Older adults may benefit from early, continuing, and long-term treatment.
Older adults may have special concerns when using medicine.
Many older adults don't take all the medicines they need for depression. A caregiver or family member may need to help the person remember to take the medicines.
Depression often occurs with dementia, which is a loss of mental skills that affects daily life. Medicines for depression may help older adults with dementia.
Older adults can be aware of how they are changing as they age and keep a healthy attitude. Remember that getting older is a natural part of life. If you take good care of your body and learn positive ways to deal with stress, you can slow down or even prevent problems that often come with getting older.
One of the best things you can do for your health and to prevent depression is to be active. Several studies suggest that walking with others and doing other forms of exercise reduce symptoms in older adults. It may help prevent depression and help prevent it from coming back (relapse).
Your mental and emotional health also are important. Stay in touch with friends, family, and the community. If you remain close to others, you are more likely to feel better. Protect or improve your memory and mental sharpness by keeping your brain active through learning, doing crossword puzzles, or playing cards or strategy games.
Many people look back at their lives as they get older. You may feel you have lived a meaningful and good life. On the other hand, you may struggle with this and wonder if you made the most out of your life.
If you are not happy about how you've lived your life, think about talking to a friend, doctor, or counselor about it.
For more information on aging and its changes, see the topic Healthy Aging.
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.
Unützer J (2007). Late-life depression. New England Journal of Medicine, 357(22): 2269–2276.
Wiles NJ, et al. (2007). Physical activity and common mental disorders: Results from the Caerphilly study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 165(8): 946–954.
Current as of: January 31, 2020
Author: Healthwise StaffMedical Review: Kathleen Romito, MD - Family MedicineLisa S. Weinstock, MD - Psychiatry
Current as of: January 31, 2020
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Lisa S. Weinstock, MD - Psychiatry
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