Alert

Updates


COVID-19:
Vaccine information, visitor restrictions, and additional resources | Medicaid: The program is changing and you must take steps to keep your UNC Health providers

potassium bicarbonate and potassium chloride

Pronunciation: poe TASS ee um bye KAR boe nate and poe TASS ee um KLOR ide

Brand: Effervescent Potassium/Chloride

What is the most important information I should know about this medicine?

Follow all directions on the label and package. Use exactly as directed.

What is potassium bicarbonate and potassium chloride?

Potassium bicarbonate and potassium chloride is a combination mineral product that used to treat or prevent low blood levels of potassium (hypokalemia) in people who do not get enough potassium from food.

This medicine is also used to treat hypokalemia caused by certain medicines or medical conditions (such as congestive heart failure, cirrhosis, a hormone imbalance, kidney problems, or severe diarrhea).

Potassium bicarbonate and potassium chloride may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking this medicine?

You should not use this medicine if you have:

  • high levels of potassium in your blood (hyperkalemia);
  • chronic kidney failure (or if you are on dialysis);
  • diabetic acidosis;
  • Addison's disease (an adrenal gland disorder);
  • a large tissue injury such as a severe burn;
  • if you are dehydrated; or
  • if you take a diuretic (water pill) such as amiloride, spironolactone, or triamterene.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist if this medicine is safe to use if you have ever had:

  • kidney disease;
  • heart disease or high blood pressure;
  • a medical condition that affects your esophagus, stomach, or intestines.

Ask a doctor before using this medicine if you are pregnant.

You should not breastfeed while using potassium bicarbonate and potassium chloride.

Not approved for use by anyone younger than 18 years old.

How should I take this medicine?

Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor.

Take this medicine with food or just after a meal.

Do not chew the effervescent tablet or swallow it whole.

Dissolve the effervescent tablet in at least 4 ounces of water or fruit juice. When the tablet has dissolved completely, drink the mixture slowly over 5 to 10 minutes. Add more water to the glass, swirl and drink.

You may need frequent medical tests. Even if you have no symptoms, tests can help your doctor determine if this medicine is effective.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep each tablet in the foil pouch until you are ready to take a dose.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the medicine as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not take two doses at one time.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

What should I avoid while taking this medicine?

Do not use other potassium supplements or salt substitutes, unless your doctor has told you to.

What are the possible side effects of this medicine?

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have:

  • severe heartburn or stomach irritation; or
  • high blood potassium --nausea, weakness, tingly feeling, chest pain, irregular heartbeats, loss of movement.

Common side effects may include:

  • upset stomach, nausea, vomiting; or
  • diarrhea.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect potassium bicarbonate and potassium chloride?

Other drugs may affect potassium bicarbonate and potassium chloride, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell your doctor about all other medicines you use.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about potassium bicarbonate and potassium chloride.

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2021 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 5.01. Revision date: 6/28/2021.

Your use of the content provided in this service indicates that you have read, understood and agree to the End-User License Agreement, which can be accessed by End-User License Agreement, which can be accessed by clicking on this link.

Related Locations