First Time User? Sign Up Now
First Time User? Enroll now.
Home > Health Library > Dry Socket
Dry socket is a painful inflammation that can develop in the open tooth socket of the jawbone after a tooth has been removed (extracted). Dry sockets often develop after an extraction and are more common after extraction of third molars (wisdom teeth).footnote 1
Dry socket develops when the blood clot at the site of surgery disintegrates or is dislodged. This condition can cause severe pain extending up to the ear. The socket may smell bad. The pain from a dry socket may last for several days.
Women tend to get dry socket more than men. And women who take birth control pills are twice as likely to get dry socket. This may be linked to the hormone estrogen. Women who take birth control pills and who decide to have their wisdom teeth removed should try to schedule the surgery for the end of their menstrual cycle (usually days 23 through 28). There seems to be less risk of dry socket during this time.footnote 2
Dry socket usually is treated by a dentist or oral surgeon, who may place a special medicated gauze or paste into the socket and prescribe an antibiotic. He or she may also have you take pain medicine.
To prevent dry socket, be sure to follow your dentist's instructions, which may include the following:
Call your dentist or oral surgeon if it's a few days after your surgery and you have severe pain around the area where your tooth was removed.
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.
Macleod DK (2007). Common problems of the teeth and oral cavity. In NH Fiebach et al., eds., Principles of Ambulatory Medicine, 7th ed., pp. 1864–1878. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Academy of General Dentistry (2008). Check menstrual calendar for tooth extraction. Available online: http://www.knowyourteeth.com/infobites/abc/article/?abc=c&iid=340&aid=1365.
Current as of: October 3, 2018
Author: Healthwise StaffMedical Review: Adam Husney MD - Family MedicineMartin J. Gabica MD - Family MedicineArden Christen DDS, MSD, MA, FACD - Dentistry
Current as of:
October 3, 2018
Medical Review:Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine & Arden Christen DDS, MSD, MA, FACD - Dentistry
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2019 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
2709 Blue Ridge Road
Blue Ridge Center II, Suite 200
Raleigh, NC 27607
11200 Governor Manly Way
REX Healthcare of Wakefield, Suite 106
Raleigh, NC 27614
1400 Timber Drive East
Garner, NC 27529
UNC REX Healthcare4420 Lake Boone TrailRaleigh, NC 27607, USA919-784-3100
Chosen for Excellence
Co-Worker & Physician Login
UNC Health Talk
Copyright 2019 UNC Health Care. All rights reserved.