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Esophageal cancer

Esophageal cancer is a growth of abnormal cells in the esophagus, the muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach. People who regularly use tobacco and drink alcohol have a higher risk for this form of cancer.

Symptoms include difficulty swallowing and weight loss. Also, hoarseness, chest or back pain, or coughing when swallowing may occur. The person may spit up or vomit bloody mucus.

Treatment may include any combination of surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy. It may also include immunotherapy or targeted therapy.

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