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Home > Health Library > Migraines: Finding and Avoiding Triggers
The best way to manage migraine headaches is to avoid them. And to avoid them, you need to know what things (or triggers) bring them on. By finding and avoiding your triggers, you can limit how often you get migraines and how bad they are.
Try to avoid as many triggers as you can. Triggers add up, so the fewer you have at one time, the better your chance of preventing a migraine.
To manage your migraines:
You can find out what your triggers are by keeping a headache diary and trying to follow a routine every day.
In a headache diary( What is a PDF document? ), you write down:
Over time, you may see a pattern to your headaches. For example, maybe you get a headache after you drink wine or eat a certain food.
It may take only a few months before you can find your headache triggers. When you find your triggers, you can take steps to avoid them.
Doing the same things every day and at the same times can help you find triggers. If you change your routine and get a migraine, then you may have found a trigger. To keep a routine, try to:
You can't control some triggers, such as changes in the weather and in your hormones (during pregnancy or menstrual cycles). But knowing that these things trigger your migraines may help you have a plan in place when you are around your triggers.
Triggers add up, so if you can limit your triggers, you may be able to prevent a headache or reduce the pain when you get one. For example, if it's hot outside (and hot weather is a trigger for you), make sure to drink enough water so that you don't get dehydrated. While you're in the heat, you also may want to avoid any foods that you know are triggers for you.
Current as ofMarch 28, 2019
Author: Healthwise StaffMedical Review: Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal MedicineMartin J. Gabica, MD - Family MedicineKathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Current as of:
March 28, 2019
Medical Review:Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine & Martin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
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